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Department of
Biological Sciences
120 Flagg Road,
University of Rhode Island
Kingston, RI 02881 - 0816.
Phone: (401) 874-2373.
Fax: (401) 874-2065.

Undergraduate Programs in Biology

Undergraduate degree programs in Biological Sciences include the Bachelor of Arts in Biology [offered jointly with the Department of Cell and Molecular Biology], the Bachelor of Science in Biological Sciences, and the Bachelor of Science in Marine Biology. Because of the stress on basic biology and the supporting sciences of mathematics, chemistry, and physics, degrees offered by the Department assist students with a wide range of interests in the health and environmental sciences, as well as students who understand the advantage of gaining a broad background in biology at the undergraduate level.

B.S. Biological Sciences Biotechnology (Manufacturing) B.A. Biology Biotechnology (Manufacturing) B.S. Marine Biology
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Undergraduate Courses in Biology

Official URI course information may be found in the printed Bulletin of the University of Rhode Island. An on-line version of the Bulletin and an HTML list of courses taught by the Department of Biological Sciences is available. Undergraduate programs typically incorporate courses at the 100-, 200-, 300-, and 400-levels. The courses for the Biology students are listed below. You can access the URI catalogue at Courses that will satisfy program requirements are listed below along with the course description: Introductory Courses, Core Courses, Electives, Additional Marine Biology Electives, and Additional Science Requirements. The full curriculum requirements for each of the undergraduate programs can be found in the curriculum pages: BA Biology Curriculum, BS Biology Curriculum, and BS Marine Biology Curriculum.


BIO 101 Principles of Biology I (4)
Chemistry, structure, metabolism, and reproduction of cells. Principles of genetics. Structure, development, and physiology of animals. Survey of the animal kingdom. (Lec. 3, Lab. 2) (N)

BIO 102 Principles of Biology II (4)
Structure, physiology, and reproduction of plants. Diversity of plants, fungi, and algae. Principles of ecology and evolution. (Lec. 3, Lab. 2) Pre: 101. (N)

BIO 130 Topics in Marine Biology (Marine Biology Majors Only) (1)
Current and classical issues considered in small classes. Designed for students interested in marine biology. (Seminar) Pre: Limited to marine biology majors. Required of all freshmen marine biology majors and students entering the major with fewer than 24 credits.

BIO 360 Marine Biology (Marine Biology Core, Biology Elective) (4)
The nature of plants and animals of the sea. Diversity of species and adaptations to habitats from the sea surface to the depths of the ocean. (Lec. 3, Lab. 3) Pre: 101, 102.

MIC 201 Introductory Medical Microbiology (4)
Required of all students in nursing, dental hygiene, and pharmacy. Lecture and laboratory designed to illustrate microbiological principles and techniques. For students in allied health professions. (Lec. 3, Lab. 3) Pre: one semester of biology and one year of chemistry. Not open to students with credit in 211.

MIC 211 Introductory Microbiology (4)
Introduction to microorganisms. Morphology, structure, metabolism, genetics, growth, populations in natural habitats, and their effects on the environment. For biological sciences majors. (Lec. 3, Lab. 3) Pre: two semesters of biology, one semester of organic chemistry, which can be taken concurrently. Not open to students with credit in 201.



Cell and Development

BIO 302 Animal Development (4)
Survey of the patterns and mechanisms of animal development, including the molecular genetic control of development, medical developmental biology, and evolution of development. (Lec. 3, Lab. 3) Pre: 101, 102, and two additional semesters of biological sciences; genetics recommended.

BIO 311 Plant Structure and Development (4)
Structure of vascular plant cells, tissues, and organs; cellular and molecular mechanisms controlling developmental processes including cell division, leaf initiation, epidermal patterning, and vascular differentiation. (Lec. 3, Lab. 3) Pre: 102 or permission of instructor.

BIO 341 Principles of Cell Biology (3)
An introduction to the structure and organization of eukaryotic cells. Topics include membranes and organelles, gene expression, protein synthesis and secretion, energy utilization, the cytoskeleton, and signal transduction. (Lec. 3) Pre: one semester of biological sciences and one semester of organic chemistry.

BIO 453 (or BCH 453 or MIC 453) Cell Biology (3)
Structure, replication, and function of eukaryotic cells at subcellular level. Topics considered include cell membranes, cytoplasmic organelles and nuclei, cell division, cellular differentiation, and methods. Emphasis on recent publications. (Lec. 3) Pre: two semesters of biological sciences, BCH 311, junior standing, or permission of instructor.

Ecology and Evolution:

BIO 262 Introductory Ecology (3)
Structure and function of ecosystems, limiting factors, population dynamics, population interactions, and community relationships. Selected habitats and general ecological effects of humans. (Lec. 3) Pre: 101, 102 or equivalent.

BIO 272 (or GEO 272) Introduction to Evolution (4)
Introduction to evolution as the unifying thread in the biosphere. Processes and patterns discussed, including microevolution and macroevolution. Social impact of evolution discussed from a biological perspective. Pre: GEO 102 or one semester of biological sciences, or permission of instructors.


BIO 352 (or BCH 352) General Genetics (4)
Introduction to basic genetic principles and concepts leading to an understanding of genes, heredity and the nature of inherited variation. Applications and implications for animals, plants, fungi and bacteria. (Lec. 3, Rec. 1) Pre: BIO 101 and BIO 102.

Molecular Biology:

BIO 437 (or BCH 437) Fundamentals of Molecular Biology (3)
Biochemical basis of heredity as seen through the structure and function of nucleic acids. Includes DNA replication, transcription, translation, gene regulation, and gene organization in prokaryotes and eukaryotes. Current methods emphasized. (Lec. 3) Pre: MIC 211, BIO 352, and BCH 311, or permission of instructor.

Organismal Diversity:

BIO 304 Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy (4)
Anatomy of chordates emphasizing functional and evolutionary diversity. Lecture focuses on morphological variation and evolution. Laboratory focuses on comparative anatomy through dissections and models. (Lec. 3, Lab. 3) Pre: 101 and 102 or equivalent.

BIO 321 Plant Diversity (3)
Representative forms of prokaryotes, algae, fungi, bryophytes, and vascular plants with emphasis on evolution, ecology, and life cycle. (Lec. 2, Lab. 3) Pre: 102 or permission of instructor.

BIO 323 Field Botany and Taxonomy (4)
Collection, identification, and study of vascular flora of Rhode Island, including use of manuals and herbarium specimens. Field trips throughout Rhode Island. Discussion of principles, methods, and data used in classification. (Lec. 2, Lab. 4) Pre: 102.

BIO 354 Invertebrate Zoology (4)
Study of the origin and evolutionary relationship of the invertebrate animals. Emphasis on marine forms. Laboratory sessions include comparative study of selected examples and field trips to local environments. (Lec. 2, Lab. 4) Pre: 101 and 102.

BIO 365 (465) Biology of Algae (4)
Taxonomy, morphology, and evolution of all major algal divisions. Laboratory/field component focuses upon taxonomic identification of both live and preserved microscopic and macroscopic algal species. (Lec. 3, Lab. 3) Pre: BIO 102. Alternate years.

BIO 366 Vertebrate Biology (3)
Life histories, adaptations, ecology, classifications, and distribution of vertebrate animals. Laboratory and extensive field work on local vertebrates. (Lec. 2, Lab 3) Pre: BIO 262 recommended.


BIO 201 General Animal Physiology (3)
Basic principles of physiology with emphasis on cellular and membrane mechanisms. Topics include bioenergetics and metabolism, enzymes, respiratory functions of blood cells, osmoregulation, bioelectricity and motility, cellular responses to humoral stimuli. (Lec. 2, Lab. 3) Pre: two semesters of biological sciences and one semester of chemistry recommended.

BIO 242 Introductory Human Physiology (BS Bio only) (3)
Functions of the organ systems of the human body and their coordination in the whole human organism. Attention is given to the needs of students preparing for health-related professions. (Lec. 3) Pre: BIO 121. Not open to students with credit in BIO 442.

BIO 244 Introductory Human Physiology Laboratory (BS Bio only) (3)
Mechanisms of physiological processes are illustrated by experiments on vertebrate animals. (Lab. 3) Pre: credit or concurrent enrollment in 242. Not open to students with credit in 442.

BIO 346 Plant Physiology (3)
Development and function of vascular plants, including energy and nutrient assimilation, growth, reproduction, and interactions with other organisms and the physical environment. (Lec. 3) Pre: 102, one semester of chemistry, or permission of instructor.



BIO 121 Human Anatomy (4)
Elementary anatomy of the organ systems, studied with the aid of charts, models, and predissected specimens. (Lec. 3, Lab. 3) Open to B.A. biology, B.S. biological sciences, kinesiology (physical education), dental hygiene, nursing, pharmacy, pre-physical therapy, clinical lab science, biomedical engineering, and dietetics majors only.

BIO 286 (or ENT 286) Humans, Insects, and Disease (BA Bio Only) (3)
Role of insects, ticks, and mites as vectors and as direct agents of diseases in humans; factors affecting the spread of these diseases and their role in our cultural development. (Lec. 3) Not for major credit for B.S. in biological sciences. (N)

BIO 327 Vertebrate Histology (3)
A study of the normal microscopic organization of the cells and tissues that compose the organ systems of vertebrates. An introduction to histochemical and cytochemical methods is included. (Lec. 3) Pre: one year of biological sciences and one semester of organic chemistry.

BIO 329 Vertebrate Histology Lab (1)
A detailed study in the laboratory of prepared microscope slides of cells and tissues of vertebrates. (Lab. 3) Pre: credit or concurrent enrollment in 327.

BIO 332 Plant Pathology (4)
Nature, cause, and control of plant diseases. Use of basic techniques for identification of major types of plant diseases and their causal agents. (Lec. 4) Pre: BIO 102 or PLS 150 or permission of instructor.

BIO 334 Physiology of Exercise (3)
Applied human physiology, with applications to work, health, physical education, and athletic sports. Particular attention to adjustments of the circulatory and respiratory systems during physical activity. Application of latest technology in the field of fitness and health. (Lec. 3) Pre: BIO 121 or 242, junior or senior standing, or permission of instructor.

BIO 335 Physiology of Exercise Lab (1)
Applied human physiology, with applications to work, health, physical education, and athletic sports. Particular attention to adjustments of the circulatory and respiratory systems during physical activity. Application of latest technology in the field of fitness and health. (Lec. 3) Pre: BIO 121 or 242, junior or senior standing, or permission of instructor.

BIO 345 Marine Environmental Physiology (3)
The physiological basis of adaptation to the marine environment. Physiological methods adapted to marine plants and animals. (Lec. 2, Lab. 3) Pre: Two semesters of biological sciences.

BIO 348 Plant Physiology Lab (1)
Laboratory methods in plant physiology, including experimental design and reporting. Technuques include water potential measurement, chromatography, spectrophoto-metry, enzyme assay, tissue culture, bioassay, protein extraction, and gel electrophoresis. (Lab. 3) Pre: 346, may be taken concurrently.

BIO 353 (or BCH 353) Genetics Laboratory (1)
Basic principles and concepts of genetics demonstrated with microorganisms, plants and animals. (Lab. 2) Pre: credit or concurrent enrollment in 352.

BIO 355 Marine Invertebrates of Southern New England (3)
Collection and identification of marine invertebrates of southern New England. Emphasis on field and laboratory studies. Student collection will incorporate video photography. (Lab. 6) Pre: 101 and 102 or permission of instructor.

BIO 385 (or ENT 385) Introductory Entomology (3)
Introduction to the diverse components of entomology, emphasizing basic principles of insect morphology, physiology, behavior, and ecology. Current topics in insect biodiversity and management strategies. (Lec. 3) Pre: BIO 101 and 102, or permission of instructor.

BIO 386 (or ENT 386) Introductory Entomology Lab (1)
Insect structure, function, and systematics with field studies in ecology, survey, and collection of beneficial and pest insects in their natural environment. (Lab. 3) Pre: 385 or concurrent enrollment in 385.

BIO 396 Biology and Society (2)
A seminar course dealing with the impact of biological discoveries on societal questions and with the social influences that affect biological discovery. Discussion of original papers, magazines, newspaper articles, and books about various discoveries. (Seminar) Pre: three courses in biology (including current enrollment) or permission of instructor.

BIO 418 Ecology of Marine Plants (4)
Ecology, development, and physiology of marine algae and higher plants. Topics include competition, herbivory, nutrient uptake, photosynthesis, and growth. (Lec. 3, Lab. 3). Pre: BIO 102 and BIO 262 or permission of instructor. Alternate years

BIO 441 Environmental Physiology of Animals (3)
The dynamics of the interaction of animal functions with the environment. Emphasis on quantitative study of physiological adaptations to environmental fluctuations. (Lec. 3) Pre: 201 or equivalent.

BIO 445 Endocrinology I (3)
Comparative approach to the endocrine regulation of the organism and to the molecular basis for hormone action. (Lec. 3) Pre: BCH 311 or equivalent and BIO 201 or 242 or equivalent.

BIO 452 (or BCH 452) Advanced Topics in Genetics (3)
More detailed treatment of topics introduced in the general genetics course (352) including aspects of transmission genetics, molecular genetics, cytogenetics, biotechnology, developmental genetics, and the impact of genetics on society. (Lec. 3) Pre: BIO 352.

BIO 455 Marine Ecology (3)
Investigation of the structure and dynamics of various marine ecosystems. Includes mineral cycling, energy flow, community and population organization, and behavioral ecology in selected marine environments. (Lec. 3) Pre: 262 or permission of instructor.

BIO 457 Marine Ecology Laboratory (1)
Field and laboratory work on community relationships of dominant organisms in Rhode Island marine environments. (Lab. 3) Pre: concurrent enrollment in 455. Limited to 15 students.

BIO 465 Biology of Algae (3)
Taxonomy, morphology, and evolution of all major algal divisions. Laboratory/field component focuses upon taxonomic identification of both live and preserved microscopic and macroscopic algal species. (Lec. 3, Lab. 3) Pre: BIO 102. Alternate years.

BIO 467 Animal Behavior (3)
Ethology and sociobiology of animals. Topics in the control and development of behavior patterns, orientation in time and space, social behavior, and behavioral ecology. (Lec. 3) Pre: two semesters of zoology; 206 or 262 recommended.

BIO 469 Tropical Marine Invertebrate Zoology * (5)
Systematic survey of tropical invertebrates. Emphasis on examples from Bermuda's marine environment. Laboratory includes field collections, identification and preparatory techniques for taxonomic studies. (Practicum, Lab. 8) * Taught at the Bermuda Institute of Ocean Sciences. Pre: BIO 101 and 102, junior standing, snorkeling experience.

BIO 472 (or GEO 472) Advanced Evolutionary Biology (4)
A survey of modern evolutionary biology, including macroevolution, evolution and development, mass extinction, and genomic evolution. (Lec. 3, Rec. 1) Pre 272 or permission of instructor.

BIO 475 Coral Reef Ecology * (5)
Structure and function of coral reef ecosystems with emphasis on the biology of corals. Laboratory sessions focus on field surveys and research techniques. (Practicum, Lab 8) * Taught at the Bermuda Institute of Ocean Sciences. Pre: 262 and junior standing; SCUBA certification required.

BIO 480 Community Ecology (3)
This course will explore the field of community ecology, including succession, niche theory, and island biogeography through lecture, case studies, and discussion. (Lec. 3) Pre: BIO 101, 102, and 262 or permission of instructor.

BIO 491, 492 Independent Biological Research (1-3 each)
Individualized laboratory, field, or literature research projects. May be repeated for a total of 6 credits. Pre: open only to undergraduates on arrangement with staff. S/U only.

BIO 495 Tropical Marine Biology Research * (6)
Independent marine research in Bermuda. Topics may include marine ecology, physiology, systematics, etc. Proposal, oral report, and project paper required. (Practicum, Lab. 12). * Taught at the Bermuda Institute of Ocean Sciences. Pre: junior standing 475, 469.

BIO 541 Comparative Physiology of Marine Animals (3)
Comparison of physiological mechanisms by which animals maintain life with emphasis on marine invertebrates. Responses to external environment mediated by receptors, nervous systems, effectors. Living control systems for muscular activity and circulation. (Lec. 3) Pre: one physiology course. In alternate years.

BIO 563 Biology and Ecology of Fishes (4)
Exploration of the functional biology and ecology of marine and freshwater fishes through lecture and discussion of primary literature. Laboratory involves specimen study, field trips, and a research project. (Lec. 3, Lab. 3) Pre: BIO 366 or equivalent, or permission of instructor.



AVS 440 Seminar on Marine Mammals (3)
Leading scientists discuss the natural history, anatomy, physiology, husbandry, behavior, and conservation of marine mammals. Current research is emphasized. (Lec, 3). Pre: junior standing, and BIO 101 and 102 and permission of the instructor. Not for graduate credit. Special registration and fee required. Contact Mystic Aquarium, Mystic, CT.

BIO 412 Evolution and Diversity of Fishes (3)
Origin, evolution and diversification of fishes, their phylogenetic relationships, and morphological, physiological, ecological, and behavioral adaptations in marine and freshwater habitats. (Lec. 3) Pre: BIO 101, 102, 366 or permission of instructor. Not for graduate credit.

OCG 420 Deep-Sea Biology (3)
Overview of the biology and ecology of the deep sea, including organisms and habitats, spatial and temporal patterns, physiology and adaptations, energetics, evolution and hydrothermal vent ecology. (Lec. 3) Pre: one semester general biology (BIO 100, 103, 104) and one semester general chemistry (CHM 101, 103) required. One semester ecology or oceanography recommended (OCG 123, 401, 451, BIO 455) Offered in alternate years.

OCG 576 Marine Microbiology (4)
Examines role of microbes in the oceans and their impact on oceanographic processes and biogeochemical cycles. Emphasis is on bacteria and their interactions with other marine organisms and the marine environment. Laboratory exercises make use of modern techniques to study metabolic rates and community structure. (Lec. 3, Lab. 3) Pre: permission of instructor.




CHM 101 General Chemistry Lecture I (3)
Fundamental chemical concepts and principles. Topics include states of matter, stoichiometry, reactivity, atomic structure, thermochemisry, bonding, molecular structure and solutions. Not open to students with credit in 103 or 191. (N)

CHM 102 Laboratory for Chemistry 101 (1)
Experimental applications of chemical concepts and reactivity emphasizing safety and technique. Experiments follow the content of 101.Pre: credit or concurrent registration in 101. (N)

CHM 112 General Chemistry Lecture II (3)
Chemical kinetics, equilibrium, elementary thermodynamics and electrochemistry integrated with descriptive chemistry and practical applications. Pre: 101 (N)

CHM 114 Laboratory for Chemistry 112 (1)
Experiments follow the content of 112. Pre: 102, credit or concurrent enrollment in 112. (N)

CHM 124 Introduction to Organic Chemistry (3)
Elementary principles of organic chemistry with emphasis on aliphatic compounds, especially those of physiological significance such as amino acids and proteins, carbohydrates, fats, and waxes. (Lec. 3) Pre: 101, or 103. Not open to chemistry or chemical engineering majors. (N)

CHM 126 Laboratory for Chemistry 124 (1)
Introduction to chemistry procedures, with emphasis on properties of substances of physiological significance. (Lab. 3) Pre: 102 or 105, credit or concurrent enrollment in 124. Not open to chemistry or chemical engineering majors.

CHM 226 Organic Chemistry Laboratory (2)
Common techniques and typical preparative methods in both aliphatic and aromatic series. (Lab. 6) Pre: 114, credit orconcurrent enrollment in 228. Not open to students with credit in 229 or 230.

CHM 227 Organic Chemistry Lecture I (3)
General principles and theories with emphasis on classification, nomenclature, methods of preparation, and characteristic reactions of organic compounds in aliphatic series. (Lec. 3) Pre: 112 or 192.

CHM 228 Organic Chemistry Lecture II (3)
Continuation of 227 with emphasis on the aromatic series. (Lec. 3) Pre: 227.

BCH 311 Introductory Biochemistry (3)
Chemistry of biological transformations in the cell. Chemistry of carbohydrates, fats, proteins, nucleic acids, enzymes, vitamins, and hormones integrated into a general discussion of the energy-yielding and biosynthetic reactions in the cell. (Lec. 3) Pre: CHM 124 or equivalent.


MTH 131 Applied Calculus I (3)
Basic topics in calculus for students who do not need all the topics in 141. Limits, derivatives, and integrals of algebraic, logarithmic, and exponential functions. Applications including graphing, maxima and minima problems, etc. (Lec. 3) Pre: passing a placement test. Not for major credit in mathematics. Not open to students with credit or concurrent enrollment in 141. (MQ)

MTH 132 Applied Calculus II (3)
Continuation of 131. Topics related to trigonometric functions, integration by parts and partial fractions, partial derivatives, infinite series. Applications to problems such as optimization, probability theory, simple differential equations. (Lec. 3) Pre: 131 or 141 or permission of chairperson. Not for major credit in mathematics. Not open to students with credit or concurrent enrollment in 142. (M)

MTH 141 Introductory Calculus with Analytic Geometry (4)
Topics in analytic geometry, functions and their graphs, limits, the derivative, applications to finding rates of change and extrema and to graphing, the integral, and applications. (Lec. 3, Rec. 1) Completion of four units of high school mathematics, including trigonometry, recommended. Pre: passing a placement test. Not open to students with credit or concurrent enrollment in 131. (MQ)

MTH 142 Intermediate Calculus with Analytic Geometry (4)
Continues the study of calculus for the elementary algebraic and transcendental functions of one variable. Topics include the technique of integration, improper integrals, indeterminate forms, and calculus using polar coordinates. (Lec. 3, Rec. 1) Pre: 141 or permission of chairperson. Not open to students with credit or concurrent enrollment in 132. (M)

STA 308 Introductory Statistics (3)
Descriptive statistics, presentation of data, averages, measures of variation, skewness, kurtosis. Elementary probability, binomial and normal distributions. Sampling distributions. Statistical inference, estimation, confidence intervals, testing hypotheses, linear regression, and correlation. (Lec. 2, Rec. 1) Pre: MTH 107 or 108 or 131 or 141 or permission. Not open to students with credit in 307 or 409.

Oceanography (Marine Biology Majors Only):

OCG 401 General Oceanography (3)
General survey in the major disciplines including geological, physical, chemical, and biological ocean sciences integrated into a conceptual approach to the coastal ocean. (Lec. 3) Pre: at least one laboratory course in a physical or biological science and junior standing or above. (N)

OCG 451 Oceanographic Science (3)
Oceanography for undergraduate science majors. The approach used is to present and apply basic physical, chemical, geological, and biological principles to the integrated study of the world ocean system. (Lec. 3) Pre: two semesters of MTH 131 and 132 or 141 and 142, one semester of CHM 101 and 102 or 191, one semester of PHY 111 and 185 or 203 and 273 or 213 and 285. A second semester of CHM 112 and 114 or 192 is recommended. Not for graduate credit in oceanography.


PHY 111, 112 General Physics I, II (3 each)
111: Mechanics, heat, and sound. 112: Optics, electricity, magnetism, and modern physics. Noncalculus presentation of fundamental physics. (Lec. 3) Pre: concurrent enrollment in 185 and 186. (N)

PHY 185, 186 Laboratory for General Physics I, II (1 each)
Selected laboratory exercises applicable to materials in 111, 112. (Lab. 2) Pre: concurrent enrollment in 111 and 112. (N)


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Expected Undergraduate Student Outcomes

We welcome you to the Department of Biological Sciences! By the time you graduate, we have every expectation that your education at URI will provide you with the critical knowledge, skills, and perspectives that will foster your success during the next phases of your life.

We ask that you dedicate yourself to learning while you are here at URI. The rewards will be countless. Through its curricular and co-curricular programs, the Department of Biological Sciences seeks to instill in its students:

  • An understanding of major biological concepts and awareness of how these are connected within various areas of the biological and physical sciences.
  • The problem-solving, analytical, and communication skills that will provide the foundation for lifelong learning and career development.
  • An appreciation of sciences as an integral part of society and everyday life; and
  • The ability to evaluate and discuss contemporary social and ethical issues related to biology and medicine.

Your professors in the Department of Biological Sciences have established the following list of expected outcomes for your learning here at URI. Please study the list and use it as a road map for your education. Review it on a regular basis and discuss it with your academic advisor. You will be amazed at your educational progress each semester and with your level of achievement at the conclusion of your undergraduate studies.


Depth and application of knowledge – You will acquire knowledge and skills necessary to obtain or pursue a professional position or graduate/professional training in your discipline. By the time you complete your education you will

  • recognize the relationship among structure, function, and process at all biological levels (molecular, cellular, organismal, population, community, and ecosystem).
  • describe and explain the major cellular processes in eukaryotes and prokaryotes.
  • describe the flow of genetic information, the chromosome theory of heredity, and the relationship between genetics and evolutionary theory
  • use the principles of biological classification to examine the diversity of life and identify the phylogenetic relationships of the major groups of organisms
  • explain the principles of organismal evolution, including the role of natural selection
  • explain the ecological relationship between organisms and their environment
  • utilize skills in the use of laboratory and field techniques commonly used in biology.
  • think critically and synthesize scientific information.
  • Demonstrate knowledge of the role of biological science in society.

Quantitative competence – You will identify and use appropriate quantitative methods to analyze physical, biological, or social phenomena. By the time you complete your education you will

  • apply mathematical and statistical approaches to interpreting biological information..

Methods of inquiry – You will understand and use methods of inquiry appropriate to your discipline. By the time you complete your education you will

  • apply the scientific process, including designing and conducting experiments and testing hypotheses.

Communication – You will communicate clearly and effectively using a variety of methods. By the time you complete your education you will be able to:

  • demonstrate the ability to read, understand, and critique scientific papers..
  • prepare oral and written reports in a standard scientific format.

Ethical principles – You will understand and apply ethical principles to issues, problems, and professional practices. By the time you complete your undergraduate education you will

  • abide by established scholarly and scientific ethics in biology.

Personal development –By the time you complete your education you will

  • develop an awareness of the careers and professions available in the biological sciences.
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